Difficulty
  peaches require moderate to high effort to manage.
∙ disease resistant varieties
∙ moderately wet climate
Bloom
  while they don't bloom as late as apples or sour cherries, they do bloom relatively late. There is a decent chance the hardiest varieties will frequently avoid frost damage in most of the country.
Ripens
  70 to 150 days from bloom
Pollination
  self-fertile
pH
  Prefers slightly acidic soil (6.1 - 6.5)

Cold Hardiness



With the exception of the cold hardy varieties, peach trees can handle temperatures down to zone 5a (-15F to -20F), but their flower buds are only hardy down to -5F to -12F, depending on the weather of the previous few days.  Bud hardiness begins around -5F (zone 6b), but they develop a few extra degrees of hardiness, down to -12F, for every day the temperature is below 29F. If the temperature rises above freezing once again, even for just a few hours, the process restarts.

Cold hardy varieties can survive down to zone 4 (somewhere between -20F to -30F) and frequently bear after experiencing zone 5a temperatures (-15F to -20F, sometimes lower), but fruit set can vary widely.  I do not consider varieties to be cold hardy unless they also appear to bloom late or have additional frost resistance to their flower buds. 


Disease and Pests



Brown rot is the most devastating peach disease.  It can ruin the entire crop in unfavorable weather without chemical control.  Bacterial spot can also be a problem, but there are a number of varieties that are fairly resistant.  Bacterial spot should not be confused with peach scab, which is often quite minor on its own.  Peach leaf curl is a problem in areas that experience cool and wet conditions around the time the tree comes out of dormancy.  In some high pressure regions, such as the Willamette Valley, most varieties may only last a few years before they die, and those that are considered resistant will also struggle without intervention.  Peaches on standard rootstock are quite vigorous and often callus over areas infected with canker.  This is more likely to occur in warmer regions. 

The oriental fruit moth and the greater peachtree borer are the pests of most concern.  The oriental fruit moth behaves differently with peaches than they do with other stonefruit in that the first few generations will feed on the young shoots, which becomes apparent by the wilting leaves.  The greater peachtree borer generally targets the first 6 inches of the trunk.  While they also feed on other species, they are particularly damaging to peaches due to their soft wood.  Vigourous trees will often outgrow the damage, but they are occasionally responsible for the death of the tree.

Plum curculio may also be a cause for concern, but based on my observations, they are significantly less of a problem for peaches than they are for apples and plums, even in high pressure areas.  I cannot say this is the norm, but I haven't seen anyone talk, in detail, about the curc's effect on their peaches.  Plum curculio are generally limited to the eastern half of the United States.




Read More

Peaches
(Cold Hardy)

Baby Crawford

Zone
• 5a
• 800 chill hours
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• late
• 3 to 3.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl?

Canadian Harmony

Sunhaven x Redskin.  Introduced in Ontario, Canada (1968).
Zone
• 5a?
Blooms
💮
• late
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• roughly 2 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Susceptible to bacterial spot.

Challenger

Redhaven x (Reliance x Biscoe).  Originated in North Carolina, PP12375 (1999).
Zone
• 5a
• 950 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• 1 week after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Challenger may bloom earlier than most hardy peaches, but the blossoms appear to be somewhat frost resistant.

China Pearl

Contender x PI 134401.  Developed in North Carolina, PP11914 (1998).
Zone
• 5a? (5b)
• 900-1100 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• late
• 4.5 to 5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat susceptible to bacterial spot?

Contender

Winblo x NC64 (Summercrest x Redhaven)? Introduced in North Carolina (1987-1989).
Zone
• 5a
• 1050 chill hours
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ frost resistant (one of the most consistent)
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• 3 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to bacterial spot.

Contender seems to be the most consistent producer after an unfavorable weather event, but there isn't much data on most other cold hardy varieties so it's difficult to compare.

Early Redhaven

bud mutation of Redhaven
Zone
• 5a?
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ somewhat frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early
• 1 to 2 weeks before Redhaven

Encore

Consists of Autumnglo, Krasvynos, and White Hale in its parentage.  Developed in New Jersey, Introduced in 1980.
Zone
• 5a?
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ at least somewhat frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• late
• 5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to bacterial spot.

Garnet Beauty

Bud mutation of Redhaven.  Introduced in Ruthven, Ontario (1958).
Zone
• 5a
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ somewhat frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early
• 1.5 to 2 weeks before Redhaven
Fruit
• clingstone or semi-freestone

Harrow Diamond

Redskin x Harbinger.  Developed in Ontario.
Zone
• 5a?
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early (very early)
• 2.5 to 3.5 weeks before Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• At least somewhat resistant to bacterial spot, brown rot, and canker.

Indian Free

Alias
• Blood Free
Zone
• 5a? (5b)
• 700 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late
• pollen sterile
Ripens
🍑
• very late
• roughly 8 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• white and red flesh, tan skin
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.
Highly susceptible to brown rot?

The grow season may not be long enough to ripen Indian Free in most zone 5 areas.

Intrepid

Redhaven x (Reliance x Biscoe).  Developed in North Carolina, PP12357 (1999).
Zone
• 5a
• 1000+ chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ somewhat frost resistant?
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• roughly 2 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Madison

Ideal x Redhaven.  Developed in Virginia (1963).
Zone
• 5a
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• 3.5 to 4 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone, light fuzz

PF 24C

Developed in Michigan.  PP15659
Zone
• 5a?
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• 3.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Polly

Originated in Iowa
Zone
• 5a
• 1000 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late
Ripens
🍑
• mid?
• 2 weeks after Redhaven?
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone?

Ranger

Zone
• 5a?
• 900 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• roughly 3 weeks after Redhaven?
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone

Raritan Rose

Zone
• 5a?
• 1050 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• 0.5 weeks after Redhaven
• drops when ripe
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Raritan Rose has a decent amount of acidity, which is uncommon for a white peach.

Redhaven

Halehaven x Kalhaven.  Introduced in Michigan (1940).
Zone
• 5a
• 800 chill hours
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ at least somewhat frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone or freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to bacterial spot.

Redhaven generally ripens early to mid August in the northern half of the United States.

Reliance

Released in New Hampshire (1964).
Zone
• 5a
• 1000 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• 0 to 0.5 weeks after Redhaven.
• drops when ripe
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone

Reliance may not have as good of a reputation as most other varieties, but it still has a good peach flavor.

Risingstar

Zone
• 5a
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early (early-mid)
• 1 to 2 weeks before Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot. 
Resistant to canker?

Siberian C

Zone
• 4
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Surecrop

Zone
• 5a
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early
• ~2 weeks before Redhaven

Veteran

Early Elberta x Vaughn.  Developed in Canada (1928).
Zone
• 5a (4b)
• 900 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• late     ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• 2 to 2.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone or semi-freestone, heavy fuzz

Peaches
Prunus Persica

Autumn Star

Developed in Michigan, PP14439 (2001).
Ripens
🍑
• late (very late)
• 5 to 6 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Avalon Pride

chance seedling.  Discovered in Issaquah, Washington.
Zone
• 5
Ripens
🍑
• early
• roughly 1.5 weeks before Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Babcock

Zone

• 250-300 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid?
• 1 week after Redhaven?
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone

Belle Of Georgia

Seedling of Chinese Cling.  Discovered in Georgia (1870).
Zone

• 800-850 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• roughly 4 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Carolina Gold

Biscoe x NC-C5S-067 (Encore x Calanda San Miguel 2383).  Originated in North Carolina, PP17780 (2004).
Zone

• 1050 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• 4 to 4.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone, light fuzz
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to bacterial spot.

Charlotte

Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl and canker.

Coralstar

Blooms
💮

• contradicting reports on frost sensitivity (leaning towards sensitive)
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• 1.5 to 2.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Cresthaven

(Kalhaven x SH50) x Southhaven.  Introduced in Michigan (1963).
Zone

• 850 chill hours
Blooms
💮

• frost sensitive
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• 3.5 to 4 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Cresthaven is often described as having at least some resistance to bacterial spot, but I believe this is untrue.

Elberta

Seedling of Chinese Cling.  Introduced in Georgia (1889).
Zone
• 5
• 600 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late (late)
• 4 to 5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to bacterial spot.

Frost

Zone

• 700 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• roughly 1.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Giant Babcock

Babcock x Early Elberta
Zone

• 500 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid?
• 2 weeks after Redhaven?
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone

Glohaven

Introduced in Michigan
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ at least somewhat frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• roughly 2 weeks after Redhaven
Fruit
• light fuzz
Yield
• below average production

Gold Dust

Zone

• 550 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• very early (early)
• 3 weeks before Redhaven?
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone

Gold Dust has an excellent reputation when it comes to very early ripening peaches (most tend to produce poor quality fruit).

J H Hale

Ripens
🍑
• mid-late (late)
• 4 to 5 weeks after Redhaven
Fruit
• light fuzz

La Feliciana

Originated in Louisiana (1980)
Zone

• 400-550 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• roughly 1.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot and brown rot.

Loring

Frank x Halehaven
Zone

• 750 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• 2.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Mary Jane

chance seedling.  Discovered in Washington.
Zone
• 5b
Ripens
🍑
• mid?
• roughly 1.5 weeks after Redhaven?
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Muir

Discovered in California around 1880.
Zone

• 600-700 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• mid-late
• roughly 3 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Nanaimo

Developed in Canada
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• Resistant to leaf curl.

In-spite of being one of the most resistant to peach leaf curl, Nanaimo is still at least somewhat susceptible in the climate experienced around the west coast.

O'Henry

Merill Bonanza x open pollination.  Introduced in Red Bluff, California (1970).
Zone
• 6
• 750 chill hours
Blooms
💮

• frost sensitive
Ripens
🍑
• late
• roughly 5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone, light fuzz
Afflictions
• Susceptible to bacterial spot.

Oregon Curl Free

Ripens
🍑
• mid?
• roughly 1.5 weeks after Redhaven?
Fruit
• semi-freestone
Afflictions
• At least somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Rio Oso Gem

Developed in California (1920's)
Zone

• 800 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• late (very late)
• 6 to 7 weeks after Redhaven?
Color
• yellow flesh
Growth
• semi-dwarf?
Fruit
• freestone

Salish Summer

Discovered in Washington
Alias
• Q18
Zone

• 700-800 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• roughly 1 week after Redhaven
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone
Afflictions
• Somewhat resistant to leaf curl.

Victoria

Biscoe x Fairtime.  Developed in New Jersey, PP18134 (2006).
Ripens
🍑
• very late
• 6.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone, melting, firm flesh, light fuzz
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

White Lady

O'Henry x Giant Babcock.  Originated in California, PP5821 (1985).
Zone

• 800 chill hours
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• 0.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone, firm flesh
Afflictions
• Somewhat susceptible to bacterial spot.

Winblo

Developed in North Carolina (1972).
Zone
• 5b? (5a)
• 850 chill hours
Blooms
💮
•    ◦ frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• roughly 2 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• freestone
Afflictions
• At least somewhat resistant to bacterial spot.

Peaches
(Donut)

BuenOs

H15-20-90258 x A34-160-782118.  Developed in New Jersey, PP19273 (2007).
Blooms
💮

• pollen sterile
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• 1 week before Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• semi-freestone, melting, firm flesh
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

BuenOs II

Developed in New Jersey, PP20128 (2006).
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• 0.5 weeks before Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• clingstone, non-melting, firm flesh, light fuzz
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

Flat Wonderful

B7-6-151-752080 x NJF4.  Developed in New Jersey, PP16836 (2005).
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• around Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• clingstone, light fuzz

Galaxy

Introduced in California (2003).
Zone

• 450-600 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• early
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• around Redhaven, possibly +/- 1 week (fairly contradicting reports)
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• clingstone

Saturn

NJ 602903 x Pallas.  Developed in New Jersey, PP5123 (1982).
Zone

• 400 chill hours
Blooms
💮
• early     ◦ at least somewhat frost resistant
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• around Redhaven, +/- 1 week or so (fairly contradicting reports)
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• freestone
• light fuzz?
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.
Less susceptible to brown rot than other donut peaches.

TangOs

A43-143-782081 x NJF4.  Developed in New Jersey, PP18997 (2006).
Ripens
🍑
• early-mid
• begins around Redhaven
Color
• yellow flesh
Fruit
• clingstone, firm flesh, light fuzz
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.

TangOs II

A43-143-782081 x D33-1-86227.  Developed in New Jersey, PP19383 (2006).
Ripens
🍑
• mid
• 1 to 1.5 weeks after Redhaven
Color
• white flesh
Fruit
• clingstone, light fuzz
Afflictions
• Resistant to bacterial spot.