Malus spp, Apple
Zone
4/5/1
Pollination
self-sterile, self-fertile, pollen sterile (triploid)
Blooms
(overall) late
Ripens
2 - 5.5 months
Chill Hours
100 - 1200+
pH
6.1 - 7.0 (preferred)

Domesticated apples, referred to as Malus pumila, are often a genetic combination of Malus sylvestris (adapted to 1.5" to 2.5" of rainfall per month) and Malus sieversii (adapted to 0.5" to 2" of rainfall per month). Resistance to at least fireblight should be considered in significantly wetter climates. Apples aren't affected by an occasional light frost, they can handle temperatures down to roughly 28-29F for some time without freezing.

Apples are best stored between the temperatures of 32-38F. The longest storing cultivars may be able to last roughly 2 months or more around 55F (based on very limited experience).




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Apple
Malus spp

922-End

buy
Zone
:
1b?
Ripens
:
early-mid?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to apple scab.

922-End does not ripen well in warm climates.

Akane

buy
Jonathan x Worcester Pearmain. Developed in Japan 1970.
Zone
:
5 (4)
Blooms
:
mid?
Ripens
:
early-mid
Chill Hours
:
800
Afflictions
:
Akane has at least some resistance to all four common apple diseases (cedar apple rust, scab, fireblight, mildew).

Anna

buy
Originated in Israel.
Zone
:
4 (5)
Blooms
:
early?
Ripens
:
early?
Chill Hours
:
200-300

Anna's bloom time pairs well with Dorsett Golden, another low chill cultivar. Stores for up to 2 months.

Arkansas Black

buy
Seedling of Winesap? Originated in Benton County, Arkansas around 1870.
Zone
:
4 (5)
Blooms
:
mid-late? (possibly much sooner)
Ripens
:
very late
Chill Hours
:
500
Afflictions
:
Resistance or somewhat resistant to cedar apple rust, apple scab, and fireblight. Resistance to powdery mildew?

Arkansas Black can store for up to six months. tolerates desert heat, triploid

Ashmead's Kernel

buy
Probably a of seedling of Nonpareil. Discovered in Gloucester, England early 1700's.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
late?
Chill Hours
:
800+
Afflictions
:
Resistant to cedar apple rust. Somewhat resistance to apple scab. Susceptible to fireblight. Conflicting reports on mildew. Susceptible to bitter pit, which is believed to be the result of a calcium deficiency.

Ashmead's Kernel has a sharp, sweet-tart flavor that improves in storage. Stores for 3-4 months. russetted, triploid

Chestnut

buy
Malinda x open pollination. Introduced by the University of Minnesota 1949.
Zone
:
3
Blooms
:
early
Ripens
:
early-mid
Size
:
up to 2" fruit
Afflictions
:
Resistant to cedar apple rust.

Chestnut is one of the better tasting crabapples. Stores for roughly 1 month.

Collet

buy
Zone
:
3b?
Ripens
:
early to early-mid?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to apple scab. Somewhat susceptible to fireblight?

Collet can store for up to 2.5 months.

Dorsett Golden

buy
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
early?
Ripens
:
early?
Chill Hours
:
100

Dorsett Golden's bloom time pairs well with Anna, another low chill cultivar.

Empire

buy
McIntosh x Red Delicious. Originated in Geneva, New York 1966.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
early
Ripens
:
mid-late
Chill Hours
:
800
Afflictions
:
Resistant to cedar apple rust and fireblight. Susceptible to apple scab.

Empire stores for at least a few months.

Esopus Spitzenburg

buy
Unknown parentage. Originated in Esopus, New York around 1800.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
late
Chill Hours
:
600-800
Afflictions
:
More susceptible to disease than most other common apple cultivars.

Esopus Spitzenburg's flavor improves in storage. Probably stores for at least a few months. biennial bearing

Fall Red

buy
Duchess x Haralson
Zone
:
2
Ripens
:
early-mid to mid?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.

Fall Red can store for up to 5 months.

Fameuse

buy
Unknown parentage. Discovered in Quebec during the 1600's.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
mid-late
Chill Hours
:
600
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight and mildew. Susceptible to scab.

Fameuse is also known as Snow apple. Stores for at least a few months. biennial bearing?

Fort Mac Mac

buy
Zone
:
1

Freedom

buy
Macoun x Antonovka. Developed in Geneva, New York 1983.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
early or mid?
Ripens
:
late
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to apple scab and fireblight. Somewhat resistant to mildew and cedar apple rust.

Frostbite

buy
Malinda x open pollination. Planted in 1936 at the University of Minnesota. Minnesota 447 or MN 447
Zone
:
3
Blooms
:
early-mid?
Ripens
:
late

Frostbite stores for up to 4 months.

Golden Delicious

buy
Grimes Golden x Golden Reinette? Originated in Clay County, West Virginia 1905.
Zone
:
4 (5)
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
mid-late
Chill Hours
:
700
Afflictions
:
Appears to be susceptible to all common apple diseases. Golden Delicious and its bud sports are the only apple cultivars that suffer from Necrotic Leaf Blotch. It is a minor disease that is commonly found in the Eastern half of the US. The cause is unknown, but this implies that it is linked to rain and humidity.

Golden Russet

buy
English Russet x open pollination. Originated in New York mid 1800's.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
late
Chill Hours
:
800+
Afflictions
:
Resistant to apple scab and cedar apple rust.

Golden Russet stores for a very long time. russeted

Granny Smith

buy
A cross between a french crabapple and an unknown Malus pumila. Discovered in Eastwood, New South Wales, Australia 1868.
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
mid -- extended bloom duration
Ripens
:
very late
Chill Hours
:
400
Color
:
light green
Afflictions
:
Resistant to cedar apple rust. Susceptible to apple scab. Very susceptible to fireblight and mildew.

Granny Smith thrives in long, hot summer climates.

Haralson

buy
Malinda x open pollination (probably Wealthy). Originated in Minnesota 1922.
Zone
:
2
Ripens
:
late
Chill Hours
:
1000

Haralson can store for up to 5 months. precocious? biennial bearing?

Honeycrisp

buy
Keepsake x open pollination. Introduced by the University of Minnesota 1991.
Zone
:
3
Blooms
:
mid?
Ripens
:
mid
Chill Hours
:
800+
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight and apple scab.

Honeycrisp can store for at least a few months, possibly up to seven.

Honeygold

buy
Golden Delicious x Haralson. Released by the University of Minnesota 1970.
Zone
:
3 (2b)
Ripens
:
mid-late to late?
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to fireblight.

Honeygold was bred to be a more cold hardy version of Golden Delicious. Stores for up to 3 months.

Ida Red

buy
Jonathan x Wagener. Developed by the University of Idaho 1942.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
early
Ripens
:
late
Afflictions
:
poor disease resistance

Ida Red can store for at least a few months.

Jonagold

buy
Golden Delicious x Jonathan. Introduced by Cornell University in New York 1953.
Zone
:
3? (4 to 5)
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
mid-late
Chill Hours
:
700-800
Afflictions
:
Resistant to powdery mildew. Susceptible to fireblight, scab, and cedar apple rust.

Jonagold is a triploid cultivar, it cannot be used to pollinate other apple trees.

Jonathan

buy
possibly a seedling of Esopus Spitzenburg. Originated in Ulster County, New York 1826.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
mid
Chill Hours
:
700-800
Afflictions
:
Jonathan has poor disease resistance.

Liberty

buy
Macoun x Purdue 54-12. Planted in Geneva, New York 1955.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
early
Ripens
:
mid to mid-mate
Chill Hours
:
800
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to apple scab and cedar apple rust. Resistant to mildew and fireblight.

Liberty can store for at least a few months.

Minnesota 1734

buy
Zone
:
2
Color
:
russet

Minnesota 1734 can store for a few months.

Mutsu

buy
Golden Delicious x Indo. First grown in the Mutsu Province of Japan around the 1930's.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
late
Chill Hours
:
500
Afflictions
:
Resistant or somewhat resistant to powdery mildew and apple scab? Susceptible to fireblight and cedar apple rust.

Mutsu is also known as Crispin. triploid

Newtown Pippin

buy
Unknown parentage. Originated in Newtown, New York around 1700.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
mid-late?
Ripens
:
very late
Chill Hours
:
700
Afflictions
:
poor disease resistance

Newtown Pippin is also known as Albermarle Pippin. Can store for a long time. biennial bearing? russeted

Norkent

buy
Haralson x Rescue. PF51
Zone
:
2
Ripens
:
mid-late

Norkent can store for roughly 3 months.

Parkland

buy
Melba x Rescue
Zone
:
2a
Ripens
:
early?

Parkland can store for up to 2 months. Ripens poorly in warm climates.

Red Delicious

buy
chance seedling. Discovered in Madison County, Iowa 1880.
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
mid-late
Chill Hours
:
800
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to cedar apple rust. Resistant to fireblight and powdery mildew. Susceptible to apple scab.

Redfield

buy
Wolf River x Niedzwetzkyana. Originated in New York 1938.
Zone
:
3
Blooms
:
early?
Color
:
flesh is roughly half pink or red and half white.

Redfield is not recommended for fresh eating since it is quite tart and either bitter or astringent.

Rouville

buy
Originated in Quebec 1983.
Zone
:
3
Ripens
:
early?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.

Rouville can store for up to 2 months.

Roxbury Russet

buy
Originated in Roxbury, Massachusetts mid 1600's.
Zone
:
4
Blooms
:
late
Ripens
:
late
Afflictions
:
Conflicting reports on resistance and susceptibility. Doesn't appear to be strongly positive or negative on either side.

Roxbury Russet can store for a long time. It is quite tart when fresh and is best eaten after it has been stored away for awhile. russeted, triploid

September Ruby

buy
Rescue x Haralson. Originated in Morden, Manitoba, but introduced by the Agriculture Canada Research Station in Beaverlodge, Alberta 1986. PF36
Zone
:
1 (2a)
Ripens
:
mid?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.

September Ruby can store for up to 4 months.

Sweet Sixteen

buy
Frostbite x Northern Spy. Originated in Minnesota 1973.
Zone
:
3b
Blooms
:
mid
Ripens
:
mid
Afflictions
:
Develops resistance to fireblight and scab as it ages.

Sweet Sixteen supposedly tastes better in cool summer climates. Stores for 1 to 2 months.

Trailman

buy
Trail x Osman. Originated in Morden, Manitoba. Introduced by the Agriculture Canada Research Station in Beaverlodge, Alberta 1973.
Zone
:
2
Blooms
:
early?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.

Trailman is considered to be one of the best to grow in very cold climates. It may not ripen properly in hot summer climates.

Trent

buy
McIntosh x R18T40 [Jonathan x (Rome Beauty x Malus floribunda 821)].
Zone
:
4
Ripens
:
mid-late to late?
Color
:
clean burgundy red, like fake Red Delicious apples you see at the store.
Afflictions
:
Resistant to firblight and scab.

Trent can store for up to 6 months.

Wealthy

buy
seedling of a crabapple x unknown. Originated in Excelsior, Minnesota 1868.
Zone
:
3
Blooms
:
-- blooms for a longer period of time
Ripens
:
mid
Chill Hours
:
1000
Color
:
bright red skin
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight, apple scab, and cedar apple rust.

Wealthy can store for up to 3 months. Fruit tends to drop when mature. Biennial bearing if you fail to thin large crops early. precocious

Winter Banana

buy
First grown in Cass County, Indiana 1876, introduced in 1890.
Zone
:
3 (4)
Blooms
:
mid-late
Ripens
:
late
Chill Hours
:
100-400
Afflictions
:
poor disease resistance

Wolf River

buy
probably a chance seedling from an Alexander apple. Originated near the Wolf River of Wisconsin 1875.
Zone
:
3a (2)
Blooms
:
mid-late
Ripens
:
mid-late
Chill Hours
:
1000
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab and mildew. Some resistance to cedar apple rust. Susceptible to fireblight.

Wolf River produces very large apples, sometimes weighing over a pound each. They have a similar flavor as the small McIntosh apples found at the store, but Wolf River is slightly less tart and a little less dense. Less experienced people may consider them to be excellent apples (like me), but others don't seem to care for them much. May take longer to start bearing when compared to most other cultivars.

Yellow Transparent

buy
chance seedling. Originated in Latvia 1850.
Zone
:
2 (3)
Blooms
:
early
Ripens
:
very early
Chill Hours
:
800+
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to scab, rust, and mildew? Susceptible to fireblight.

Yellow Transparent is also known as White Transparent. It doesn't store well. precocious?

Zestar

buy
State Fair x MN 1691. Introduced by the University of Minnesota 1999.
Zone
:
4a? (3)
Blooms
:
early
Ripens
:
early-mid
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight, cedar apple rust, and mildew. Susceptible to apple scab.

Zestar can store for roughly 1.5 months.