Apple
Malus spp

Akane

Jonathan x Worcester Pearmain.  Developed in Japan (1970).
Zone
:
5 (4)
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid   :   annual bearer
Chill
:
800
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Color
:
red skin
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust, scab, fireblight, and mildew.

American Golden Russet

English Russet x open pollination.  Originated in New York (mid 1700's).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
late
Chill
:
800+
Color
:
russet skin
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab and rust.  
English Golden Russet is Susceptible to fireblight, but I am not sure about American.
There are two Golden Russet apples, American and English, and they are supposedly quite different from one another.  Both appear to have some disease resistance.  English has high sugar and high acid, while American is probably moderately acidic when ripe.  American bears primarily on the tips and ripens a few weeks earlier than English.  English may be a spur-type.  Both are considered to be good, but experienced growers seem to be more interested in the English type as they tend to gravitate towards high sugar/high acid varieties.

Arkansas Black

Believed to be a seedling of Winesap.  Originated in Benton County, Arkansas around 1870.
Zone
:
5?   :   lower
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
late
Chill
:
500
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Texture
:
hard flesh
Color
:
dark burgundy skin
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant or somewhat resistant to cedar apple rust, fireblight, and desert heat.  Somewhat resistant to apple scab.  Resistance to powdery mildew?
Arkansas Black is not a heavy cropper, but it appears to produce annually without thinning.

Ashmead's Kernel

Probably a seedling of Nonpareil.  Discovered in Gloucester, England (early 1700's).
Zone
:
3a? (4)
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late (late)   :   precocious, biennial
Chill
:
800+
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid
Color
:
russet skin
Storage
:
3 or 4 months
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to scab and rust.  
Somewhat susceptible to bitter pit.  Somewhat susceptible to fireblight? Susceptible to mildew?
like many apples, Ashmead's Kernel is best eaten after some time in storage.

Beacon

Wealthy x Malinda.  Introduced in Minnesota (1936).
Zone
:
2?   :   higher
Ripens
🍏:
very early? (early)
Flavor
:
sweet?
Color
:
red skin
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to mildew.  
Susceptible to scab, rust, and fireblight.

Belle De Boskoop

possibly a sport of Reinette de Montfort.  Originated in Boskoop, Holland (1856).
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
very late? (late)   :   slow to bear, annual bearer
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.

Blue Pearmain

unknown parentage.  Discovered in the early 1800's, possibly around Massachusetts.
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
late?
Flavor
:
sweet or sweet-tart
Color
:
burgundy skin with some blue bloom
Storage
:
around 6 months
Blue Pearmain is a fairly controversial apple.  Some consider it to be one of their favorites, others don't care for it at all.  This may, in part, have to do with climate (the north may be preferred).

Burgundy

Monroe x NY 18491 (Macoun x Antonovka).  Introduced in New York (1974).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
early   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
mild sweet-tart
Color
:
dark burgundy skin
Storage
:
less than 1 month
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to rust, scab, rot, and fireblight.

Chestnut

Malinda x open pollination.  Introduced in Minnesota (1949).
Zone
:
2a? (3)
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid, may have a nutty flavor
Growth
:
semi-dwarf
Fruit
:
2"
Storage
:
1 month
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust, mildew, and fireblight.  Somewhat resistant to scab.

Claygate Pearmain

Discovered in England (1821).
Zone
:
4a?
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
late?   :   precocious? annual bearer?
Flavor
:
may have nutty tones
Growth
:
semi-dwarf?
Storage
:
1 or 2 months?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.  
Susceptible to rot.

Collet

Zone
:
3b
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid?
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Texture
:
soft flesh
Fruit
:
2.5 to 3"
Storage
:
2.5 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to apple scab.  
Somewhat susceptible to fireblight.

Cortland

Ben Davis x McIntosh.  Introduced in New York (1915).
Zone
:
3a
Ripens
🍏:
mid? (early-mid)   :   precocious, annual bearer
Storage
:
4 months
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to somewhat susceptible to fireblight?
Susceptible to scab, rust and mildew.

Cox's Orange Pippin

seedling of Ribston Pippin.  Originated in England around 1825.
Zone
:
5
Ripens
🍏:
mid?
Chill
:
600
Flavor
:
sweet or sweet-tart
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab and canker.  Susceptible to fireblight?

Crimson Crisp

Released in 2006. ***
Ripens
🍏:
mid
Flavor
:
sweet or sweet-tart
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab.  
Susceptible to fireblight.  Somewhat susceptible to rust and mildew.

Duchess Of Oldenburg

Originated in Russia (1700's).
Alias
:
Duchess
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
early? (very early)   :   tip bearing
biennial?
Flavor
:
sweet-tart? may be more on the tart side
Storage
:
a few weeks
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.  Somewhat resistant to canker.  
Somewhat susceptible to fireblight.

Egremont Russet

Originated in England before 1872.
Zone
:
3a
Ripens
🍏:
mid?   :   annual bearer, spur bearing
Flavor
:
sweet-tart, may have a nutty flavor
Color
:
russet skin
Storage
:
stores well
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.  
Susceptible to rot.  Very susceptible to fireblight.

Empire

McIntosh x Red Delicious.  Introduced in Geneva, New York (1966).
Zone
:
4a
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late   :   precocious, annual bearer
Chill
:
800
Flavor
:
moderate acidity or less
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust and fireblight.  
Susceptible to scab and mildew.

Enterprise

PRI 1661-2 x PRI 1661-1.  Developed in 1993. ***
Zone
:
4?
Ripens
🍏:
late   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Texture
:
tough skin
Color
:
red skin or somewhat burgundy
Storage
:
up to 6 months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab.  Resistant to rust and fireblight.  Somewhat resistant to mildew.

Erwin Bauer

seedling of Duchess of Oldenburg, possibly crossed with Cox's Orange Pippin.  Originated in Germany (1928).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
early   :   precocious, annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Texture
:
tough skin
Storage
:
stores well (in cold storage)
Erwin Bauer apples hang on the tree for an additional 2 weeks after the seeds turned brown, but the flavor and acidity level does not appear to benefit from the wait.  It lasts about a week at room temperature.  The flavor is similar to a McIntosh apple.

Esopus Spitzenburg

unknown parentage.  Originated in Esopus, New York before 1790.
Zone
:
4   :   possibly lower
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late   :   biennial
Chill
:
600-800
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid, may be best eaten after a month or so in storage
Texture
:
hard flesh? tough skin?
Color
:
red skin
Storage
:
roughly 5 months
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab, canker, and fireblight.  Probably Susceptible to other diseases as well.

Fameuse

unknown parentage.  Discovered in Quebec during the 1600's.
Alias
:
Snow
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
mid   :   biennial
Chill
:
600
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Storage
:
a few months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight, canker, and mildew.  
Susceptible to scab.
Fameuse is probably a parent of McIntosh.

Freedom

NY 18492 (Macoun x Antonovka) x NY 49821-46 (Golden Delicious x F2 26829-2 2).  Developed in Geneva, New York (1983).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late? (mid)
Storage
:
3 or 4 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab, fireblight, mildew, and rust.

Freyberg

Golden Delicious x Cox's Orange Pippin.  Introduced in New Zealand (1934).
Ripens
🍏:
mid?   :   biennial, spur bearing
Flavor
:
sweet
Color
:
yellow skin or yellow-green
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab and fireblight.

Frostbite

Malinda x open pollination.  Originated in Minnesota (1936), named in 2008.
Alias
:
Minnesota 447, MN 447
Zone
:
3? (4)
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet?
Growth
:
semi-dwarf?
Fruit
:
2.5"
Storage
:
4 months

Gala

Developed in New Zealand (1934). Introduced in 1960.
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid   :   annual bearer
Chill
:
600 or less
Flavor
:
sweet with a little acidity
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab and fireblight.

Galarina

Gala x Florina Querina.  Developed in France.
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late
Flavor
:
sweet-tart?
Storage
:
up to 4 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab, mildew, and fireblight.

Ginger Gold

Ripens
🍏:
early   :   annual bearer
Color
:
yellow skin
Afflictions
:
Somewhat susceptible to scab, rust, mildew, and fireblight?

Golden Delicious

Grimes Golden x Golden Reinette?  Originated in Clay County, West Virginia (1905).
Zone
:
4 (5)
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late
Chill
:
700
Color
:
yellow skin
Afflictions
:
Appears to be susceptible to all common apple diseases.

GoldRush

Golden Delicious x Co-op 17.  Developed by PRI (1972). Released in 1994? ***
Zone
:
5a
Ripens
🍏:
late (very late)   :   later than most other "late" apples but before Pink Lady.
biennial
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid
Texture
:
hard flesh
Color
:
yellow skin
Fruit
:
3"
Storage
:
7+ months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab and mildew.  Resistant to fireblight.  
Susceptible to rust.

Goodland

Patten Greening x open pollination.  Developed in Manitoba (1925). Introduced in 1955.
Zone
:
3 (2b)
Ripens
🍏:
early?   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet?
Texture
:
soft flesh
Storage
:
2 to 5 months?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.

Granny Smith

a french crabapple x unknown.  Discovered in Eastwood, New South Wales, Australia (1868).
Zone
:
5
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   extended bloom
Ripens
🍏:
late (very late)   :   sometimes biennial
Chill
:
400
Texture
:
hard flesh
Color
:
green skin
Growth
:
semi-dwarf
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab, mildew, and fireblight.  Somewhat susceptible to rust?
GrannySmith apples are often very tart because they are purposely picked quite early.  When allowed to ripen properly, they are more sweet-tart and may have a red blush with green-yellow skin.

Gravenstein

Originated in Italy (early 1600's).
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
early   :   biennial
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Storage
:
roughly 2 months
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab, mildew, canker, and fireblight.
Gravenstein is known for producing excellent quality fruit for an early ripening apple.

Haralson

Malinda x open pollination (probably Wealthy).  Introduced in Minnesota (1922).
Zone
:
2a
Ripens
🍏:
mid?   :   precocious, biennial
Chill
:
1000
Flavor
:
sweet-tart, possibly more on the tart side
Growth
:
semi-dwarf
Storage
:
5 months
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to fireblight, mildew, rust, and scab.

Hawkeye

Originated in Iowa around 1870-1880.
Alias
:
Red Delicious
Zone
:
5   :   lower
Ripens
🍏:
  .......   :   annual bearer, spur bearing
Flavor
:
sweet
Color
:
does not have a consistent dark red color
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to rust.  Resistant to fireblight and mildew.  
Susceptible to scab.
Hawkeye was the original Red Delicious before bud mutations of its bud mutations (and so on) took its place.  It is said to have good flavor, unlike some of those labeled "Red Delicious" at the store (others can be quite good though).

Honeycrisp

Keepsake x open pollination.  Introduced in Minnesota (1991). PP7197
Zone
:
3a
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid   :   biennial
Chill
:
800+
Flavor
:
sweet
Growth
:
semi-dwarf
Storage
:
up to 7 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.  Somewhat resistant to scab.  
Susceptible to mildew and rust.

Honeygold

Golden Delicious x Haralson.  Released in Minnesota (1970).
Zone
:
2a   :   may experience some damage around -50F
Ripens
🍏:
late?
Flavor
:
sweet
Color
:
yellow-green skin
Storage
:
3 months
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to scab and mildew?
Susceptible to rust and fireblight.
Honeygold was bred to be a more cold hardy version of Golden Delicious.  It is sweeter and crisper but has a little less flavor.

Hudson's Golden Gem

Discovered in Oregon (1931).
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
late?   :   annual bearer
Chill
:
600
Flavor
:
sweet? may have nut and pear flavors
Color
:
russet skin
Storage
:
3 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab and mildew.  Somewhat resistant to fireblight.  
Susceptible to rot?

Jonagold

Golden Delicious x Jonathan.  Introduced in New York (1968).
Zone
:
3? (5)
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late   :   annual bearer
Chill
:
700-800
Flavor
:
sweet to sweet-tart
Storage
:
3+ months
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to mildew?
Susceptible to scab, rust, and fireblight.

Jonathan

possibly a seedling of Esopus Spitzenburg.  Originated in Ulster County, New York (1826).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
mid   :   precocious, annual bearer
Chill
:
700-800
Flavor
:
sweet-tart, may be more on the tart side
Growth
:
semi-dwarf?
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab, rust, mildew, and fireblight.

Keepsake

Frostbite x Northern Spy.  Introduced in Minnesota (1979).
Zone
:
3a
Ripens
🍏:
late   :   somewhat biennial?
Flavor
:
sweet
Texture
:
hard flesh
Fruit
:
2.5"
Storage
:
roughly 6 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust and fireblight.  Somewhat resistant to scab.
Keepsake is a parent of Honeycrisp.  It has more flavor than Honeycrisp, but the texture is a little less crisp.

Kidd's Orange Red

Cox's Orange Pippin x Red Delicious.  Introduced in New Zealand (1924).
Ripens
🍏:
mid? (early-mid)   :   biennial
Flavor
:
sweet-tart? (sweet)
Storage
:
2 months
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to scab.  
Susceptible to canker.

King David

Jonathan x Arkansas Black or Winesap.  Discovered in Arkansas (1893).
Ripens
🍏:
late   :   precocious
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid
Color
:
red skin, sometimes burgundy.
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust?
Somewhat susceptible to scab? Susceptible to fireblight?

Liberty

Macoun x Purdue 54-12.  Introduced in Geneva, New York (1978).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
mid   :   annual bearer
Chill
:
800
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Color
:
red skin, maybe burgundy.
Fruit
:
2.75 to 3"
Storage
:
a few months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab and rust.  Resistant to mildew and fireblight.

Macoun

McIntosh x Jersey Black.  Developed in New York (1909).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late   :   precocious, biennial, spur bearing
Flavor
:
sweet-tart, more on the sweet side (less acidic than McIntosh)
Storage
:
3-4 months? possibly much less
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust.  Somewhat resistant to mildew.  
Susceptible to scab.  Susceptible to fireblight?

Mother

unknown parentage.  Discovered in Massachusetts around 1840.
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid?   :   spur bearing
annual bearer?
Flavor
:
sweet or sweet-tart?
Texture
:
soft flesh?
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.  Resistant to mildew and rust?
Susceptible to canker and fireblight?

Mutsu

Golden Delicious x Indo.  First grown in the Mutsu Province of Japan around the 1930's.
Alias
:
Crispin
Zone
:
4
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
late   :   biennial
Chill
:
500
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Color
:
yellow-green skin
Storage
:
stores well?
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to mildew.  
Susceptible to scab, rust, and fireblight.

Newtown Pippin

unknown parentage.  Originated in Newtown, New York around 1700.
Alias
:
Albermarle Pippin
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
late (very late)   :   precocious, biennial
Chill
:
700
Flavor
:
tart, may have a pineapple tone
Color
:
green-yellow skin
Storage
:
6+ months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust???
Somewhat susceptible to fireblight.  Susceptible to scab and mildew.

Norkent

Haralson x Rescue
Alias
:
PF51
Zone
:
2
Ripens
🍏:
mid? (mid-late)   :   precocious
Flavor
:
sweet? may have a pear tone, flavor will diminish to some extent in storage
Fruit
:
2.75"
Storage
:
3 months

Northern Spy

unknown parentage.  Discovered in New York around 1800.
Zone
:
4 (3)
Ripens
🍏:
late   :   biennial, spur bearing, very slow to bear (at least on standard rootstocks)
Flavor
:
sweet-tart?
Storage
:
roughly 5 months
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab, rust, mildew, and fireblight.

Nova Easygro

Spartan x PRI 565.  Introduced in Nova Scotia (1971).
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
mid?   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet-tart?
Storage
:
4 months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab and (cedar apple) rust.  Resistant to mildew.  Somewhat resistant to fireblight.  
Susceptible to quince rust.

Orleans Reinette

Originated in France around 1776.
Zone
:
4a?
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late?   :   biennial
Flavor
:
sweet-tart, may have nut and citrus tones
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab and fireblight.

Parkland

Melba x Rescue.  Introduced in Manitoba or Alberta (1979).
Zone
:
2a
Ripens
🍏:
early?   :   precocious, biennial, tip bearing
Flavor
:
tart
Storage
:
2 months
Parkland ripens poorly in warm climates.

Pink Lady

Golden Delicious x Lady Williams.  Developed in Australia (1970's).
Alias
:
Cripps Pink
Ripens
🍏:
very late   :   one of the last to ripen
Chill
:
low chill
Flavor
:
sweet-tart to tart, fruit quality may be poor in the first few years
Storage
:
up to 8 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust and mildew.  
Susceptible to scab and fireblight.
Pink Lady will struggle to ripen in the shorter grow seasons of the north.

Pixie Crunch

PCF 2-134 x PRI 669-205.  Developed by PRI.
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid?   :   precocious, somewhat biennial
Flavor
:
sweet to sweet-tart
Color
:
red skin
Fruit
:
2.5"
Storage
:
2 months before flavor declines
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab.  Somewhat resistant or somewhat susceptible to fireblight.  
Susceptible to rust and mildew.

Prima

PRI 14-510 x NJ 123249.  Developed by PRI (1957).
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid?   :   biennial
Flavor
:
sweet to sweet-tart
Storage
:
1 month or so
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab.  Resistant or Somewhat resistant to fireblight and mildew.  
Susceptible to rust?

Redfield

Wolf River x Niedzwetzkyana.  Introduced in New York (1938).
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late?
Flavor
:
tart and either bitter or astringent
Color
:
burgundy skin, partially pink or red flesh

Redfree

Raritan x PRI 1018-101.  Introduced by PRI in 1981.
Ripens
🍏:
early? (very early)   :   annual bearer, tip bearing, uneven ripening, may require more than 1 picking
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Color
:
red skin
Storage
:
2 months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab and rust.  Somewhat resistant to mildew and fireblight.

Rouville

52-05-312 x 69-52.  Developed in Ontario (1962).
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
early? (very early)   :   precocious, annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet-tart with some tannins
Fruit
:
3"
Storage
:
2 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab.

Roxbury Russet

unknown parentage.  Originated in Roxbury, Massachusetts (early to mid 1600's).
Zone
:
4
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late?   :   annual bearer
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid
Color
:
russet skin
Storage
:
stores well
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab and rust.  Resistant to fireblight?
Susceptible to mildew?
Roxbury Russet is the first named apple cultivar in the United States.

September Ruby

Rescue x Haralson.  Originated in Morden, Manitoba. Introduced in Beaverlodge, Alberta (1986).
Zone
:
1
Ripens
🍏:
mid?   :   biennial?
Flavor
:
sweet-tart?
Growth
:
semi-dwarf?
Storage
:
4 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.  
Susceptible to scab?

Spartan

McIntosh x Newtown Pippin.  Introduced in British Columbia (1936).
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
mid   :   precocious, annual bearer
some premature drop but not as bad as McIntosh
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Color
:
burgundy skin
Yield
:
heavy bearing, may benefit from thinning
Storage
:
will store for a few months but flavor and crispness fade with time.
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab, rust, mildew, and fireblight.

Suncrisp

? (Cox's Orange Pippin x Cortland) x Golden Delicious.  Developed in New Jersey.
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late? (late)   :   1 to 3 weeks after Golden Delicious
precocious, biennial
Flavor
:
sweet-tart, high sugar
Color
:
yellow skin, can be somewhat russeted in some climates
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust.  Somewhat resistant to scab.  
Susceptible to fireblight.
Other
:
The flesh resists browning.
Suncrisp is a high sugar apple that can be very acidic if picked a little too early, otherwise the acidity should be quite moderate at most.  Storing for a few weeks will also help reduce acidity.  Like many other highly rated apples, the flavors are often described as complex and may change in storage.  This seems to be more pronounced than usual with Suncrisp, but to get the full effect, it's recommended that you leave it hanging on the tree for as long as possible.

Sundowner

Golden Delicious x Lady Williams.  Developed in Australia (1979).
Alias
:
Cripps Red
Ripens
🍏:
very late   :   one of the last to ripen.   even later than Pink Lady.   requires fairly long and hot summers.
precocious
Chill
:
low chill
Yield
:
heavy bearing, may benefit from thinning

Sweet Sixteen

Frostbite x Northern Spy.  Developed in Minnesota (1973). Introduced in 1979.
Zone
:
3b   :   possibly lower
Ripens
🍏:
mid?   :   annual bearer, spur bearing
precocious?
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Fruit
:
up to 3"
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to scab and fireblight.
Sweet Sixteen is known for occasionally developing unique flavor tones, which is probably more consistent in cool summer climates.  The apples, when left on the tree longer than necessary, are often said to develop a strong licorice flavor, but some do not seem to care for it.

Tolman Sweet

Sweet Greening x Old Russet.  May have originated in Massachusetts possibly before the 1700's.
Zone
:
3?
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late?   :   somewhat biennial
precocious?
Flavor
:
sweet
Color
:
yellow skin, commonly with a suture line
Afflictions
:
Somewhat susceptible to fireblight.

Trailman

Trail x Osman.  Originated in Morden, Manitoba. Introduced in Beaverlodge, Alberta (1973).
Zone
:
2
Ripens
🍏:
very early? (early)   :   precocious, annual bearer
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid
Fruit
:
1.6"
Afflictions
:
Resistant to fireblight.
Trailman is considered to be one of the best to grow in cool summer climates (especially in very cold climates) due to its high quality for an early ripening apple.  However, fruit quality can be quite poor in some hot summer climates.

Trent

McIntosh x R18T40 [Jonathan x (Rome Beauty x Malus floribunda 821)].  Introduced in Ontario (1979).
Zone
:
4
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late?
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Storage
:
6 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant or very resistant to scab.  Resistant or somewhat resistant to fireblight.  Resistant to mildew.

Wealthy

Originated in Excelsior, Minnesota (1868).
Zone
:
3
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   extended bloom
Ripens
🍏:
early-mid   :   biennial, drops when mature
Chill
:
1000
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Color
:
red skin
Growth
:
semi-dwarf
Storage
:
3 months

White Transparent

chance seedling.  Originated in Russia (mid 1800's).
Alias
:
Yellow Transparent
Zone
:
2 (3)
Ripens
🍏:
very early   :   roughly 3 to 4 weeks before William's Pride
precocious, biennial
Chill
:
800+
Flavor
:
sweet-tart to tart
Texture
:
soft flesh
Storage
:
stores poorly
Afflictions
:
Somewhat resistant to scab, rust, and mildew.  
Somewhat susceptible to canker.  Susceptible to fireblight.
White Transparent apples can be fairly good during a very short time period, otherwise they are either quite acidic or overripe.  Their best quality is that they are one of the first apples to ripen by a good 2-4 weeks.

Wickson

Introduced in California (1944).
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
  .......   :   ??? some harvest them around mid September while others harvest them in late October.   At this time, I cannot say that it's climate related.
annual bearer
Flavor
:
high sugar and high acid with some astringency, may have an apricot tone
Texture
:
hard flesh
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to rust, cracking, and rot.  Somewhat susceptible to scab and fireblight?

William's Pride

PRI 1018-101 x NJ 50 (Mollie's Delicious x Julyred).  Developed by PRI. PP6268 (1988)
Zone
:
4
Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   extended bloom
Ripens
🍏:
very early   :   roughly 1 week after Lodi.
somewhat biennial
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Storage
:
1.5 months
Afflictions
:
Very resistant to scab, rust, and fireblight.  Resistant to mildew.  
Somewhat susceptible to bitter pit on vigorous rootstock.
William's Pride is a high quality apple when compared to other "very early" ripening apples (most are generally considered to be quite poor), but its quality is around average or slightly above average when compared to the rest.  Gravenstein is generally considered to be better, but it ripens a little later and tends to be significantly more biennial than William's Pride.

Winecrisp

Rock 41-112 (NJ 381049 x Cox's Orange Pippin) x PRI 841-103 (PRI 10-147 x Starking).  Introduced by PRI in 1990.
Zone
:
5?   :   lower
Ripens
🍏:
late   :   biennial or somewhat biennial?
Flavor
:
sweet to sweet-tart
Color
:
burgundy skin
Fruit
:
2.5"
Storage
:
up to 9 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab and fireblight.  Somewhat resistant to mildew.  
Somewhat susceptible to rust.

Winesap

Blooms
💮:
  .......   :   triploid
Ripens
🍏:
late
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Storage
:
6+ months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to rust and mildew.  
Somewhat susceptible to fireblight.  Susceptible to scab.

Winter Banana

Introduced in Cass County, Indiana (1890).
Zone
:
3 (4)
Ripens
🍏:
mid-late?   :   precocious
Chill
:
100-400
Flavor
:
sweet, probably with a little acidity
Growth
:
semi-dwarf
Afflictions
:
Susceptible to scab, rust, mildew, and fireblight.
Winter Banana scionwood can be used as an interstem to graft pears on to apple trees.  However, there may be some variety limitations and we are not entirely sure how long they can last.  At least one pear has lived long enough on a WB interstem to have fruited.  Others I have read about aren't old enough, but are still alive after a few years.  One claims to have grafted Winter Banana to a pear rootstock as well.  It is (supposedly) over a half decade old and has been fruiting.

Winter Banana does not appear to taste like banana in any way.

Wolf River

Alexander x Entered?  Discovered near the Wolf River of Wisconsin (1875).
Zone
:
3a   :   possibly lower
Ripens
🍏:
mid   :   slow to bear
Chill
:
1000
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Texture
:
soft flesh
Fruit
:
4"
Afflictions
:
Resistant to scab and mildew.  Somewhat resistant to rust and canker.  
Somewhat susceptible to fireblight.
Wolf River has a McIntosh-like flavor, but it is not good for fresh eating due to its unusual dry texture.  However, it does improve in storage.  Alternatively, Wolf River is excellent for cooking.

Zestar

State Fair x MN 1691.  Introduced in Minnesota (1999).
Alias
:
Minnewashta
Zone
:
3
Ripens
🍏:
early   :   precocious, annual bearer
Flavor
:
sweet-tart
Storage
:
1.5 months
Afflictions
:
Resistant to mildew.  Somewhat resistant to fireblight and rust.  
Susceptible to scab.