Prunus dulcis, Almond
Zone
6+?/5
Pollination
self sterile, self-fertile
Blooms
(overall) very early (common), early (ukrainian and hybrids)
Ripens
6 - 8 months (hot climate), ukrainian almonds and hybrids mature sooner
Chill Hours
250 - 500
pH
6.4 to 7.5 (preferred), 5.5 to 8.5 (acceptable)

Almonds are native to the mediterranean climate of the Middle East. Ukrainian almonds were bred in Crimea, an area that receives less than 2" of rainfall per month during the grow season. Only hybridized almonds, such as "Hall's Hardy", appear to have the disease resistance to be grown in wetter climates.




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Almond
Prunus dulcis

Aldrich

prices
Blooms
:
mid -- same time as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small nut

semi-hard shell

All-in-One

prices
Blooms
:
mid-late? roughly 0.5 weeks before Titan

soft shell, semi-dwarf (12-15ft width and height), partially self-fertile

Avalon

prices
unknown parentage. Discovered in California 1998.
Blooms
:
early-mid -- roughly 0.5 weeks before Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut

Avalon produces a similar size tree as Nonpariel but with much more of an upright growth. semi-hard shell

Bounty

prices
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late -- ukrainian-type, blooms with peaches
Ripens
:
early?

Bounty is also known as Dessertniy. soft shell

Butte

prices
Blooms
:
mid-late -- roughly 0.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 to 3 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small nut

semi-hard shell

Capitola

prices
unknown parentage. Discovered in California near a Nonpareil orchard during the early 1980's.
Blooms
:
mid -- same time as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
early-mid -- roughly 0.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nuts - slightly smaller than Nonpareil. 15 year old trees in California were 10-13ft high and 10-14ft wide.

soft shell

Carmel

prices
Developed in California 1966.
Blooms
:
mid -- right after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-large nut

soft shell, semi-dwarf

Carrion

prices
Developed in California 1974.
Blooms
:
mid-late -- roughly 0.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut

soft shell

Degn

prices
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil

soft shell

Folsom

prices
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
early-mid -- same as Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-large nut

soft shell

Fritz

prices
Developed in California 1969.
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
very late -- roughly 4 to 5 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small nut

semi-hard shell, slightly bitter

Garden Prince

prices
Size
:
medium nut

soft shell, semi-dwarf (8-12ft), pink blossoms, partially sef-fertile

Livingston

prices
Developed in California 1977.
Blooms
:
mid-late -- roughly 0.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 to 1.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut

soft shell

Marcona

prices
Blooms
:
early -- roughly 1 week before Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil

hard shell, semi-dwarf?

Merced

prices
Blooms
:
mid -- right after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut

soft shell, semi-dwarf

Mission

prices
Blooms
:
late -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
very late -- roughly 4 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small nut

Mission is also known as Texas. hard shell, slightly bitter, partially self-fertile

Monterey

prices
Developed in California 1974.
Blooms
:
mid -- roughly 0 to 0.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
very late -- roughly 4 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
large nut

semi-hard shell, semi-dwarf, slightly bitter

Ne Plus

prices
Blooms
:
early -- roughly 1 week before Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
large nut

soft shell

Nikita's Pride

prices
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late -- ukrainian-type, blooms with peaches
Ripens
:
early?
Size
:
large nut?

soft shell

Nonpareil

prices
Blooms
:
mid
Size
:
medium nuts

Nonpareil is the most commercially grown cultivar. soft shell

Oracle

prices
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late -- ukrainian-type, blooms with peaches
Ripens
:
early?
Size
:
large nut?

Oracle is also known as Foros. semi-hard shell, partially self-fertile

Padre

prices
Developed in California 1983.
Blooms
:
mid-late -- roughly 0.5 to 1 week after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
late -- roughly 3.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small

hard shell, slightly bitter

Peerless

prices
Blooms
:
early-mid -- roughly 0.5 weeks before Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late to late -- roughly 2 to 3 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut

hard shell

Price

prices
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small nut

soft shell

Prima

prices
Developed in Ukraine.
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late -- ukrainian-type, blooms with peaches
Ripens
:
early?

Prima is also known as Alenia. soft shell

Primavera

prices
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late?
Ripens
:
early?

soft shell

Ruby

prices
Blooms
:
late -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil
Ripens
:
very late -- roughly 4.5 to 5 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-small nut

hard or semi-hard shell

Seaside

prices
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late -- ukrainian-type, blooms with peaches
Ripens
:
early?

Seaside is also known as Primorskiy. semi-hard shell

Shasta

prices
Developed in California 2015.
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
early-mid -- roughly 0.5 weeks before Nonpareil

partially self-fertile

Sonora

prices
Developed in California 1983.
Blooms
:
early-mid -- roughly 0.5 weeks before Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium-large nut

soft shell

Supareil

prices
unknown parentage. Discovered near Chico, California, in close proximity to a Nonpareil orchard, in the late 1990's.
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 week after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nuts

The nuts of Supareil are slightly sweeter and larger than Nonpareil. soft shell

Titan

prices
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late -- blooms with peaches
Afflictions
:
highly susceptible to disease

soft shell

Winters

prices
Selection 3-1 (Peerless x Harpareil) x Selection 6-27 (Nonpareil x Jordanolo). Developed in California.
Blooms
:
early-mid -- roughly 0.5 weeks before Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid-late -- roughly 2 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut, slightly smaller than Nonpareil. 1.1g/nut in CA.

soft shell

Wood Colony

prices
Developed in California 1985.
Blooms
:
mid -- same as Nonpareil
Ripens
:
mid -- roughly 1 to 1.5 weeks after Nonpareil
Size
:
medium nut

semi-hard shell, semi-dwarf (shorter than Carmel)

hybrid Almond
Prunus hybrid

Hall's Hardy

prices
peach x almond hybrid
Zone
:
5
Blooms
:
late?
Afflictions
:
disease resistant

Hall's Hardy can be grown in the East due to its disease resistance. hard shell? pink blossom, slightly bitter, partially self-fertile

Reliable

prices
peach x almond hybrid
Blooms
:
mid-late?
Afflictions
:
disease resistant foliage

Reliable produces well in the cool summer climate of the PNW. hard shell, pink blossoms, partially self-fertile